Ethical Management

 

Overview

For Assignment 2, you will assess the ethical aspects of a healthcare industry managerial practice.  This analytical paper provides you with an opportunity to think critically about the challenging ethical and moral issues routinely faced by healthcare managers and introduces you to the four principles of medical ethics and the ethical code of the American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE).

Description

Background
You are a member of your organization’s ethics committee.  At this month’s meeting of the committee, two issues were discussed.  The CEO has asked you to brief the new board chair on the importance of ethics in healthcare, how they differ from other industries, and how they apply to these specific circumstances.  Select one of the two following scenarios as the focus of your analysis.

Case 1: Hospital Policy on Influenza Immunization
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have issued an advisory that the coming “flu season” is expected to be unusually severe.  CDC projects a potentially historic level of illness and flu-related deaths.

Response to this, the president of the medical staff has recommended that hospital staff, employees, and volunteers receive mandatory influenza immunizations.  With exceptions for those who are allergic and anyone with a valid religious prohibition against vaccination, those who refuse the immunization would not be allowed to work. There is a small, but vocal, contingent of employees (including some nurses who are advocating for unionization of the nursing staff) who object to this policy, stating it is an infringement on individual rights and patient self-determination.

Three questions to answer are below.
1. What issues should be considered in establishing this policy?
2. To what groups is responsibility owed?
3. What will you recommend to the hospital Board and C-Suite?

Case 2: Balancing Needs
Your facility is a critical access hospital (CAH) serving a largely rural catchment area.  The next nearest hospital, a comprehensive medical center is several hours distant.

During the monthly utilization review, the emergency department medical director noted a marked increase in cases of renal distress and failure, and that many of these patients do not have health insurance.  They have been treated in accordance with the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), the federal statute that requires hospitals to assess and stabilize anyone presenting for emergency services, regardless of ability to pay.

The chief of medical services responds that end-stage renal disease requires ongoing evaluation and treatment, but that this is neither covered by EMTALA nor does the current medical staff have a specialist in this field.

Three questions to answer are below.
1. What issues should be considered in addressing this situation?
2. To what groups is responsibility owed?
3. What will you recommend to the hospital Board and C-Suite?

Paper Expectations and Requirements
The case scenarios reflect the types of situations you may encounter as a leader in health care. They are complex and offer no clear options or solutions. Therefore, your research should include at least five scholarly sources.

Overall, the paper should use separate major section headings. As necessary, sub-section headings should be included. The paper should include responses to the three points below.
1. Summarizes the relevant issues raised by the case.
2. An explanation of why those issues raise ethical concerns.
3. How the ACHE Code of Ethics or a similar professional code of ethics can be used to determine the proper response by a healthcare leader.

Also, whether select either Case 1 or Case 2, the paper should answer each of the questions identified under each case. Regarding the use of sections headings described above, here is a suggested to consider. You may want to use a major section heading and three subsection headings that provide answers to the three questions under either Case 1: Hospital Policy on Influenza Immunization or Case 2: Balancing Needs.

Paper Format
1. A title sheet, abstract, body of the paper, and reference list are all required for this paper.  The body of the paper should include 1,000 to 1,200 words.
2. The paper should use MS Word and in 7th Edition APA format, with 1-inch margins on all sides, double-spaced and 12 pt. Times New Roman font.

General Comments Regarding Grading
Assignment 2 is worth 20 points. Grading will be based on the requirements and expectations provided in the above sections and the Grading Rubric will be used as a guide.